One occasionally gets to hear about breast cancer or lungs cancer and even colon cancer but in this case getting to know about pancreatic cancer can seem to be a bit rare in this regard. It is said that one in three adults might neglect the symptoms of a pancreatic cancer that generally seems to be more inclined towards old age people.
Briefing on Pancreas
Pancreas is an organ located in abdomen, behind the stomach. Its function is to secrete digestive enzymes that synthesis fats, proteins side crabs in the small intestines asking with it is also responsible for secretion of hormones such as glucagon and insulin. Pancreas is vulnerable to namely three kinds of diseases and they are –
- Diabetes – Here the pancreas stops producing or produces in minimal amount the hormone insulin, this further contributes in raising the sugar level in the blood in excess.
- Pancreatitis – When digestive enzymes get activated while still being in pancreas, this leads to the inflammation of the organ characterised with abdominal pain. This is known as pancreatitis that is both temporary as well as chronic.
- Pancreatic Cancer – When the malignant cells start multiplying in the pancreas, it leads to pancreatic cancer.
What Is Pancreatic Cancer?
Its no hidden fact now that what a pancreatic cancer is, to look into this issue on a broader basis, pancreas contain two types of cells –
- The cells that produce hormones are called endocrine pancreas cells.
- On the other hand, exocrine pancreas cells secrete digestive enzymes. Most of the pancreatic cancers occur through these cells.
Apart from this there are broadly two types of pancreatic cancers based on the cells –
- Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC) – Marking its occurrence 95% of the time, it is the most common pancreatic cancer that is caused when the exocrine cells responsible for producing digestive juices get malignant and start multiplying alarmingly.
- Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours (PNETs) – They are extremely rare and occur in the endocrine pancreas cells which secrete hormones, they don’t really showcase any symptoms at earlier stages. There are further various types of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours that have their specific effects as well as symptoms.
Causes of Pancreatic Cancers
It is quite an unclear chapter on what exactly causes the most numbers of pancreatic cancers. Though the mutation of DNA is one specific reason, yet this mutation may occur through following factors –
- It might be carried on through inherited cancer syndrome from a mother to child.
- Smoking cigarette increases the risk of acquiring pancreatic cancer to a great extent. In fact, this seems to be one of the most popular reasons behind the cause of pancreatic cancer.
- It might also be caused due to the increase in age, as this cancer is dominant among the senior citizens above the age group of 60 or 80.
- It is even noted that men are more vulnerable to suffer from pancreatic cancer over women. It can be countered by saying maybe because men tend to smoke more tobaccos as compared to women.
- Long term pancreatitis or inflammation of pancreas can be also linked to the risk of pancreatic cancer.
- Type of food one consumes also plays a vital role in bridging pancreatic cancer in a person’s body. For example, excessive intake of red meat, food rich in cholesterol, fried dishes might increase the probability of it.
- Obesity is one of the greatest disorders seen in today’s generation, from a teenager to an adult everyone is equally in grip of this disease. While it further creates hide for a great number of diseases, one of them can be undoubtedly stated as pancreatic cancer.
Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer
Since pancreas is surrounded by a number of digestive organs, even the pancreatic cancer creates a dominant effect on these surrounding organs. Few of its noteable or visible symptoms can be pointed out to be –
- It initiates digestive system related diseases such as diarrhoea and jaundice due to the lack of sufficient digestive juices.
- It quite common for patients of pancreatic cancer to feel loss of appetite, as such the weight decreases drastically.
- The stool may happen to change their colour to pale losing their initial colour whereas the colour of urine turns out to be darker.
- As the multiplication of the cancerous cells continuous, the victims may encounter abdominal pain which is not really static but seems to be fluctuating.
- The sugar level of the body also increases drastically, hence, providing a boost to diabetes.
- While some people even complain of nausea, difficulty in swallowing as well as itching that occurs all over the body.
It is very important for people to get aware or accustomed with the symptoms and causes, moreover the outcomes of pancreatic cancer in prior, which might not only help in reducing sudden panic to a great extent but then victims will also tend to seek for proper diagnosis and then treatment.